Background and Objectives: Diarrhea is one of the first causes of morbidity and mortality among children, especially in poor and developing countries including Vietnam. For decades, although Vietnam has implemented different health interventions to suppress diarrhea spread, this disease has been continuously concerned as a national health problem. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess ethnic minority mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) associated with diarrhea in children under 5 years old; Then to find out the correlation among KAP, and discover some factors related to good knowledge, positive attitude, correct practice about diarrhea in under 5-year old children of the mothers in Pediatrics Department of Daklak General Hospital, 2014.
Method: A community based cross-sectional study was carried out from September 2013 to July 2014 in Pediatrics Department - Daklak General Hospital with the participation of 153 ethnic mothers who has children with diarrhea. The mothers were interviewed directly following the questionnaire, whose structure was adapted from the World Health Organization (WHO) and author Hau Van Pham. The collected data were checked for completeness, consistency and then entered into Epidata 3.1 and analyzed using SPSS 20.
Results: The data from 153 participants showed that the ethnic mothers had good knowledge accounted for 39.9%, whereas more than half of ethnic mothers (64.7%) had a positive attitude towards prevention of diarrhea among under-five children. However, the correct practice in taking care of children with diarrhea was not high (40.5%). As expected, there was statistically significant correlation between the mothers’ knowledge and their attitudes (p < 0.001), as well as their practice toward diarrhea treatment (p=0.005). Analyzed data exhibited that knowledge of the mothers about diarrhea was influenced by their differences in socio-demographic factors, including educational level (p<0.001), occupation (p=0.002) and an ability to access information related to diarrhea in children under 5 (p<0.001). Similarly, the socio-demographic factor (p=0.028) and access to information about diarrhea (p<0.001) have an effect the correct practice in the prevention of diarrhea. There was a statistically significant correlation between the good practice in preventing diarrhea and the socio-demographic factor, including the mothers’ educational level (p<0.001) and the occupation (p=0.021).