Total oxidant status and total antioxidant capacity in the saliva of patients with chronic periodontitis

Original Research

Abstract

Background: Recently, methods of quantifying total oxidant status (TOS) and total antioxidant capacity (TAOC) were developed to investigate periodontitis. This study was performed to evaluate the salivary TOS and TAOC levels of patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) and investigating the association between periodontal clinical parameters and these oxidative stress biomarkers.

Material and methods: 40 participants (23-65 years old) were classified into two groups of 20 each, namely the CP group (participants with CP) and the control group (periodontally healthy controls). Clinical periodontal parameters were monitored, and TOS and TAOC levels were measured using laboratory assays.

Results: TOS level increased in the saliva of patients with CP and the salivary TAOC in patients with CP was significantly lower than that of the control group. The TOS had a positive moderate correlation with the plaque index and clinical attachment loss (r=0.32 and 0.37, respectively) while TAOC was negatively and moderately correlated with clinical attachment loss (r=-0.35).

Conclusion: Salivary TOS and TAOC were distinguished in healthy and chronic PD patients. Further studies are required to comprehensively evaluate the potential role of these biomarkers in diagnosis and treatment evaluation of CP.

Graphical abstract

Roles of Reactive Oxygen Species in Diseases and Development of Novel Antioxidant Therapeutics

Review

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) or oxidative stress has been reported with strongly involving to pathogenesis of many diseases in human. On the other hand, ROS play a critical regulation as secondary signal to maintain intracellular redox equilibrium. Basically, the antioxidant defense systems in the body counteract with overproduced ROS. However, when the redox balance is broken under severe oxidative stress conditions, it leads to tissue injuries and numerous disorders. In this review, we briefly introduce the systems of ROS and antioxidants systems in the body and discuss the opposite roles of ROS in normal physiological conditions and diseases. For ROS-related diseases, conventional and currently developed antioxidant therapies are also described in this review.

Graphical abstract

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