Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders presenting with multiple gastric and colonic ulcerative lesions: a case report

Case Study

Abstract

Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders are rare inflammatory conditions marked by eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract. Endoscopic manifestations vary from patient to patient. However, ulcerative lesion is a rare occurence. A 57-year-old patient presented with chronic diarrhea and significant peripheral blood eosinophilia. During endoscopy, multiple ulcers were discovered throughout the stomach, duodenum, and colon. Biopsies showed excess tissue eosinophilia suggestive of eosinophilic gastroenteritis and colitis. The patient responded dramatically with corticosteroid. However, he developed steroid dependency necessitating the use of azathioprine. In conclusion, a rare case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis and colitis presented with multiple ulcerative lesions was described. Physicians should be aware that eosinophilic gastroenteritis and colitis may be a cause of chronic diarrhea, particularly, in patients presented with peripheral blood eosinophilia. Corticosteroid is the mainstay of treatment. In steroid dependency case, azathioprine may be an option. 

Graphical abstract

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