The effects of auricular acupuncture at Lung, Shenmen, Endocrine, Adrenal points on adult eczema: a randomized trial

Original Research

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Adult eczema (AE) has been reported to have a poor quality of life (qoL). Auricular acupuncture (AA) is a method that has been studied a lot recently. Our study is to determine the effects of combining AA and modern medication in the relief of symptoms and the improvement in qoL in AE.

Methods: A single-blind randomized study on 65 AE at the University Medical Center Ho Chi Minh City Branch 3; was randomized into an auricular acupuncture (AA) group and a Sham acupuncture (SA) group. All AA group patients will receive AA at Lung, Shenmen, Endocrine, and Adrenal points. The score of scoring atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) and the score of dermatology life quality index (DLQI) were compared in two groups before and after treatments.

Results: There were 33 patients in the AA group and 32 patients in the SA group. After 2 weeks, in the SA group, the SCORAD score of 46.4 ± 1.3 decreased to 28.2 ± 1.2, compared with the AA group’s SCORAD score of 47.5 ± 1.5 decreased to 24 ± 1.3; the DLQI score of 14.7 decreased to 7.6, compared with the intervention group DLQI score of 15, reduced to 5.7. The difference in improving the SCORAD score and the DLQI score between the two groups was statistically significant. No patient had any adverse events during the study.

Conclusions: Combining auricular acupuncture Lung, Shenmen, Endocrine, Adrenal points, and modern medication treatment may relieve effectively symptoms and improve the QoL in AE. 

Graphical abstract

Angiographic recognition and percutaneous intervention of an occluded anomalous circumflex coronary artery causing acute myocardial infarction: a case report

Case Study

Abstract

Coronary arteries with anomalous origin are unusual but can be responsible for myocardial infarction. Acute occlusion of an anomalous coronary artery is not only easily missed on angiography but also technically challenging for percutaneous intervention. In this report, we present our experience in a patient with an anomalous circumflex being the culprit vessel in acute myocardial infarction. We report a case of a 74-year-old male patient presented with sudden chest pain. The diagnosis of occluded anomalous circumflex coronary artery was made by invasive coronary angiography shortly after admission. The patient was stented with a 2.5 x 18mm bare metal stent and was discharged with intensive medical treatment and regular follow-up. Interventional cardiologists should keep in mind there are several anomalous origin, the most frequent anomaly being a circumflex artery with origin from the right coronary artery or the right sinus of Valsalva. 

Graphical abstract

Direct cost of treatment in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction in Vietnam

Original Research

Abstract

Background: Acute myocardial infarction has become a serious financial burden for patients, healthcare system, and society. It is therefore necessary to assess treatment cost of myocardial infarction that had been conducted in many countries in the world and still not fully analysed in Vietnam. Thus, we sought to describe acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction treatment cost and analyse related factors to acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction treatment cost.

Methods and Materials: A retrospective cross-sectional study. Patients who was diagnosed by ST-elevation myocardial infarction at Cho Ray Hospital from June 2018 to February 2019, satisfied inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results: We collected 130 patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction with male: female ratio of 3:1, at average age of mean ± Standard deviation (SD) = 62.9 ± 12.6. The length of stay in hospital was mean ± SD = 7.1 ± 3.3 days and the median direct cost of MI was 68,902,500 VND (interquartile range (IQR): 5,737,200 – 104,266,000 VND). The average total cost of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction in the percutaneous coronary intervention group was more than 16 times as the conservative group. The treatment strategies and hospital complications were major factors that affected treatment cost.

Conclusion: The median direct cost of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction was accounted for 68,902,500 VND. Complications directly affected costs.

Graphical abstract

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