Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children following SARS-CoV-2 infection: A case report

Case Study

Abstract

Introduction: COVID-19 in children has a diverse clinical presentation, most of which is asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic. In addition, after 2-6 weeks of being infected with COVID-19, children may have the multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), which is rare but serious condition, death has also been reported despite active treatment. We describe a severe clinical case of MIS-C treated at our hospital in the early stage of the 4th wave of COVID-19 in Vietnam.

Case report: A six-year-old boy admitted to Thu Duc City Hospital on August 27th, 2021. He had a history of COVID-19, which was diagnosed by a positive RT-PCR SARS CoV-2 test on July 24th, 2021. He had no symptoms and was concentrated quarantine with his family. He was discharged on August 12th, 2021. Four weeks after SARS-CoV-2 infection, he had symptoms such as sustained fever (5 days), stomachache (6 days), erythema multiform (8 days), eye and lip swelling (7 days), edema of hands and feet (10 days), dyspnea (5 days), hepatomegaly and shock. After then, he was diagnosed with MIS-C and treated with intravenous methylprednisolone 2 mg/kg/day (3 days), then tapered 1 mg/kg/day (5 days), maintained with prednisone 1 mg/kg/day for 14 days. The patient had no clinical symptoms, was discharged after 14 days of treatment, and continued treatment with aspirin 3 mg/kg/day and prednisolone 1 mg/kg/day.

Conclusion: The MIS-C manifestation following SARS-CoV2 infection needs prompt attention and treatment. Intravenous immunoglobulin plays an important role in treatment. However, when intravenous immunoglobulin is not available where limited resources, early appropriate use of methylprednisolone may be beneficial. 

Graphical abstract

Effective and safe profile of mini-pulse corticosteroid among COVID-19 inpatients: a case series

Original Research

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 epidemic has spanned four waves in Vietnam, the most recent and also the most deadly of which began in April 2021.

Methods: We reported on a group of University Medical Center Ho Chi Minh City patients who were diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection and were suitable for mini-pulse corticosteroid therapy with 125 mg of methylprednisolone twice daily for at least three days. Demographics, clinical, laboratory, and outcome data were gathered by electronic medical report. We also compared laboratory data before and after the start of mini-pulse corticosteroid therapy, as well as between the discharged and deceased groups.

Results: We gathered data on 25 patients. The average age was 61.5 ± 11.9 years, and 52% of them were male. Dyspnea was the most prevalent chief complaint. Almost all of them had at least one co-morbidity, with hypertension being the most common; all of them were put on oxygen supplementation, and 44% were started on mini-pulse corticosteroid while using a high-flow nasal cannula. Eighty-four (21%) reacted well and were discharged, whereas sixteen (4%) worsened and died. The deceased group was older than the discharged group (69.8 ± 3.1 vs. 59.9 ± 12.4, p =.005).

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that methylprednisolone at a mini-pulse dosage might be an effective and safe treatment option for COVID-19 inpatients in the inflammatory stage. 

Graphical abstract

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